By Warren D. TenHouten
Founded upon the psychoevolutionary theories of Darwin, Plutchik and Izard, a normal socioevolutionary conception of the sentiments - affect-spectrum idea - classifies a large spectrum of the sentiments and analyzes them at the sociological, mental and neurobiological levels.
This neurocognitive sociology of the feelings supersedes the most important theoretical views built within the sociology of feelings via exhibiting basic feelings to be adaptive reactions to basic difficulties of existence that have developed into uncomplicated social relationships and that can are expecting occurrences of the full spectrum of fundamental, complicated secondary, and tertiary emotions.
Written through major social theorist Warren D. TenHouten, this publication provides an encyclopaedic class of the feelings, describing forty-six feelings intimately, and featuring a normal multilevel thought of feelings and social lifestyles. The scope of assurance of this key paintings is very topical and entire, and contains the improvement of feelings in adolescence, symbolic elaboration of complicated feelings, feelings administration, violence, and cultural and gender transformations. whereas fundamental feelings have truly outlined valences, this idea indicates that advanced feelings obey no algebraic legislation and that each one feelings have either inventive and damaging potentialities.
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Based upon the psychoevolutionary theories of Darwin, Plutchik and Izard, a common socioevolutionary thought of the sentiments - affect-spectrum conception - classifies a large spectrum of the sentiments and analyzes them at the sociological, mental and neurobiological degrees. This neurocognitive sociology of the sentiments supersedes the main theoretical views constructed within the sociology of feelings by means of exhibiting basic feelings to be adaptive reactions to primary difficulties of existence that have advanced into ordinary social relationships and which could expect occurrences of the complete spectrum of basic, advanced secondary, and tertiary feelings.
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Extra info for A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life
Further, both involve the self: fear is triggered by a threat to the self; sadness, by a loss to the self (Oatley and Jenkins 1996: 101). In disgust, the deﬁning function is rejection and the deﬁning cause is recognition of the need to reject what is in the environment, or to recognize that one has been rejected, or treated as disgusting by others, a potential loss of social identity. But this is not disgust itself, rather a further reaction to move away from what is disgusting. Physically disgusting things are usually dealt with very naturally by averting one’s gaze or turning away one’s nose; by removing oneself from an unclean, contaminated, disgusting object or place.
A person regarded as disgusting is apt to be described as slimy, creepy, even sickening. Core disgust is thus a powerful emotion that can not only make us stop what we are doing but make us feel ill. People the world over feel disgust for the same things – bodily ﬂuids, excrement, creatures such as rats, lice, and cockroaches, and certain other people. Disgust is an evolved behavioral defense. Avoidance of parasites, viruses, and bacteria enable healthy people able to perpetuate their genes. 5 The idea of contamination in relation to disgust is acquired in children at about ages four to seven and in the adult undergoes considerable symbolic and cognitive elaboration.
If experience is above baseline, happiness will be experienced, but experience below the baseline results in unhappiness. However, set-point and aspiration-adjustment models notwithstanding, persons whose life experiences have been extremely harsh seem not only to return to their set-points but to exceed them. Those who have suffered the most are, with exceptions, happiest of all: adults who experienced the Great Depression are apt to be happier than those who did not; survivors of cancer showed greater happiness three years after treatment than matched controls (McIntosh and Martin 1992).
A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life by Warren D. TenHouten