By N. A. Figurovskii, Yu. I. Solov’ev (auth.)
A complete century has handed because the unexpected and tragically untimely loss of life of Aleksandr Porfir'evich Borodin in 1887 on the age of fifty three, whilst he used to be following with exceptional good fortune the disparate careers of musician, composer, natural chemist, and pioneer in women's clinical schooling. As a distinct determine one of the awesome workforce of geniuses who all at once seemed in Russia in the midst of the final century and explosively propelled that state into the mainstream of worldwide tradition within the arts, humanities, and sciences, it can were anticipated that Borodin used to be the article of a lot study. there's no doubt that the Russian contribution to the superb improvement of structural chemistry within the final century has tended to be underplayed, whereas that during the remainder of Europe has acquired even more awareness. One wonders, specifically, even if Borodin's identify will possibly not have seemed within the chemical pantheon, as have these of Mendeleev, Markovnikov, Menshutkin, and lots of different Russians, if the aldol condensation, which he was once the 1st to find and examine, were named the Borodin condensation. Straightening out the list is necessary; Figurovskii and Solov'ev's biography does a lot during this admire. simply as meritorious were the scholarly and exhaustive efforts of Professors Charlene Steinberg and George B. Kauffman, who've made the Russian textual content available to the Western international of their exact and engrossing translation.
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Extra info for Aleksandr Porfir’evich Borodin: A Chemist’s Biography
His penetrating mind soon detected these elements, no matter how skillfully they were disguised or how they were masked by authority. With witty sarcasm he pointedly and mercilessly branded them whenever he encountered them. With a single word he was sometimes able to disperse the thick mist of false learning and to expose the lack of talent and ignorance hidden under it. Their pride outraged, their god and high priest dethroned, they of course could never be able to forgive him for this, and they took their revenge at every opportunity.
Lowitz, had obtained trichloroacetic acid for the first time by the same method as early as the end of the eighteenth century. By this method, negatively charged chlorine replaced positively charged hydrogen, but, according to the electrochemical theory, the CCl3 group must be considered as positively charged. Guided by this research, Dumas developed the doctrine of metalepsy (substitution) and laid the foundations for the co-called type theory of chemical compounds. The French chemist Gerhardt developed this doctrine extensively.
They are capable people, especially in zoology. This is a good situation. Literary evenings are arranged on Saturdays. The chemical society is based here25 . Of course, not only scientific problems were discussed at the meetings. Young Russian scientists were also vividly interested in social problems of the day. Usually, after their scientific work in the laboratory, all the members of the Heidelberg Circle met at the home of T. P. Passek. A. A. Yunge comments about this: After walks we sometimes dined with our companions, and evenings, of course, we spent at Tat'iana Petrovna's [Passek], around whom a warm, native atmosphere with a strong Russian smell was always generated.
Aleksandr Porfir’evich Borodin: A Chemist’s Biography by N. A. Figurovskii, Yu. I. Solov’ev (auth.)