By J. L. Hatfield, Bobby A. Stewart
This specific booklet examines the helpful elements of animal waste as a soil source - now not easily as an agricultural spinoff with minimum functional use. themes contain o sorts of cattle waste - swine, fowl, dairy o tools and administration of waste usage o garage, dealing with, processing and alertness of animal waste o offering crop meals o economics of waste usage o new modeling and administration thoughts o nonpoint resource pollutants, water caliber, leaching, and air caliber
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Extra resources for Animal Waste Utilization: Effective Use of Manure as a Soil Resource
45 VII. Research Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 I. Introduction Economics offers helpful insights regarding livestock waste management. The first section reviews fundamental economic forces at the consumer and producer levels affecting livestock production. The second section reviews the economics of waste management alternatives at the firm level.
80 per hectare) on commercial nutrients through proper use of on-farm nutrient sources. This finding is limited in that it only examined the short-term, direct benefits of manure and legumes. Long-term benefits such as those associated with improvements in soil quality were not investigated (National Research Council, 1993), nor were opportunity costs associated with managing manures versus other Copyright © 2002 CRC Press, LLC 30 P. Nowak, R. Shepard, and F. Madison pursuits investigated. The problem is that nutrient replacement values associated with manure may represent only several percent of a livestock operation’s total input budget.
Soil and water conservation policy has stressed subsidization (or cost-sharing) along with technical assistance of particular farming practices. In the 1984-1990 period, the USDA’s Agricultural Conservation Program spent nearly $1 billion on cost sharing agricultural practices to control erosion, conserve water, and improve water quality (USDA, 1991, p. 7). About $40 million of this total went to animal waste management practices. Few in the United States are entirely satisfied with cost-sharing, however.
Animal Waste Utilization: Effective Use of Manure as a Soil Resource by J. L. Hatfield, Bobby A. Stewart